Machine-Generated Mortality Estimates and Nudges to Promote Advance Care Planning Discussion Among Cancer Patients
Patients with cancer often undergo costly therapy and acute care utilization that is discordant with their wishes, particularly at the end of life. Early serious illness conversations (SIC) improve goal-concordant care, and accurate prognostication is critical to inform the timing and content of these discussions. This study uses a stepped-wedge, cluster randomized trial to evaluate the effect of a health system initiative using machine learning algorithms and behavioral nudges to prompt oncologists to have serious illness conversations with patients at high-risk of short-term mortality. Oncology practices will be randomly assigned in sequential four-week blocks to receive the intervention.